What is EITI

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global standard for transparency and accountability in the oil, gas and mining industries. The aim of EITI is to improve openness and accountable management of revenues from natural resources so that they lead to growth and socio-economic development for a country and its citizens. EITI is based on the principle that countries, with the richest wealth of resources, that are also often the poorest (‘resource curse’), and if not managed well, the extractive sector can contribute to corruption, conflict and poverty. However, the good governance of natural resources can lead to social and economic development.

Governments formally sign up to EITI and commit to work with companies and civil society to implement EITI in their country. EITI requires government to publicly disclose all relevant payments received from extractive industry companies, and at the same time companies are required to publicly disclose all relevant payments made to government. These are disclosed in an annual EITI Report which allows citizens to see how much their government receives from natural resources.

The EITI Standard provides the basic framework for EITI and includes 7 ‘Requirements’, which every country must implement in order to be compliant. The production of an annual EITI Report is a core aspect of EITI, which is clearly detailed in the EITI Standard.

The EITI process is overseen and implemented by a tripartite multi-stakeholder group of government, companies and civil society that decides what the scope of EITI should be in their country. At the global level, an international tripartite multi-stakeholder EITI Board oversees the process.  There are 46 countries currently participating in the EITI globally, including Myanmar.

Myanmar was awarded candidate country status by the EITI Board in July 2014, and now has until January 2016 to produce its first EITI Report.

Myanmar EITI

Myanmar became an EITI candidate country in July 2014, and has until January 2016 to produce its first EITI Report.

Myanmar’s Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG) has now begun work on implementing its 3-year MEITI workplan.

In terms of background, Myanmar has made significant progress since the end of 2012 when President Thein Sein made a formal commitment to become an EITI candidate countryand Presidential Decree 99/2012 was issued. The government ‘Leading Authority’ (chaired by the President’s Office) was established, and the Centre for Economic and Social Development of the Myanmar Development Resources Institute (MDRI-CESD) was designated the national MEITI Coordination Office, until the first report is produced. In 2013 the government inter-ministerial ‘Working Committee’ was established. Considerable progress was made throughout 2013, and by April 2014 Myanmar was ready to meet the meet the 4 minimum ‘Sign-up Steps’ that any country must meet to become an EITI Candidate.

Myanmar submitted itsapplication to become an ‘EITI Candidate’ country to the EITI Board in May 2014. At its 27th meeting in Mexico in early July 2014, the EITI Board approved Myanmar’s candidacy application, and granted Myanmar until January 2016 to produce its first EITI Report. Myanmar has until January 2017 to meet all 7EITI Requirements and attain ‘EITI Compliant’ status.

The EITI Board will hold its next meeting in Myanmar on 14-15 October 2014.

MEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group (MEITI-MSG)

MEITI’s multi-stakeholder group (MSG) was established in January 2014 and comprises 21 representatives of government, civil society and private sector The MSG is now working to implement MEITI’s 3-year workplan and prepare for the production of the first MEITI Report.At its 5th meeting in August 2014, the MSG agreed to establish 3 sub-committees as follows:

  1. Technical and Reporting Sub-Committee
  2. Workplan and Governance Sub-Committee
  3. Communications and Outreach Sub-Committee

The composition of the MSG is as follows:     

  • MEITI MSG Chair: Dr Maung Maung Thein, Deputy Minister of Finance
  • MEITI MSG Deputy-Chair: U Myint Zaw, Deputy Minister of Energy
  • MEITI National Coordinator: Dr Zaw Oo, Executive Director, MDRI-CESD
  • 6 Government representatives:
    • DG Ministry of Home Affairs (General Administration Department)
    • DG Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (Department of Forestry)
    • MD Ministry of Energy (Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise)
    • DG Ministry of Mines (Department of Mines)
    • DG Ministry of Finance (Internal Revenue Department)
    • Director, Office of the Auditor General of the Union
  • Private Sector – oil and gas (4):
    • Total E&P Myanmar
    • PC Myanmar (Hong Kong) Limited - Petronas
    • MPRL E&P Pte Ltd.
    • GoldPetrol Joint Operating Company Inc.
  • Private Sector- mining (2):
    • CNMC Nickel Co. Ltd.
    • Myanmar Federation of Mining Associations (MFMA)
  • Civil Society Organisations:
    • KESAN (Kayin)
    • Green Trust (Pyin Oo Lwin)
    • Eco Dev/Advancing Life and Regenerating Motherland (ALARM)
    • Paung Ku
    • Sein Young So (Mandalay)
    • 88 Generation (Peace and Open Society)
    • Won Latt Foundation (Rakhine)
    • Shwe Gas Movement
    • Dawei Development Foundation (DDA)


MEITI Timeline and Achievements

December 2012

Government made a formal commitment to become an EITI Candidate country, and Presidential Decree no. 99/2012 established the government Leading Authority to oversee the process – with support from MDRI-CESD as ‘coordinator’

April 2013

Government Leading Authority established a cross-ministerial government ‘Working Committee’ to lead the development of EITI process

July – October 2013

Various EITI outreach events, including in Mon State, Rakhine State, Tanintharyi Region and Shan State

August – September 2013

EITI workshops and training for government and CSOs in Yangon

October 2013

National CSO workshop on EITI in Yangon – discussing viability and options regarding supporting EITI

October – November 2013

Training and workshops for different stakeholder groups including government, CSOs, parliamentarians, journalists and private sector

November 2013

Multi-stakeholder meeting chaired by Union Minister U Soe Thane (and including senior government, private sector and CSO representatives) in Naypyitaw – agreed to work together to implement EITI

December 2013

First visit to Myanmar by EITI Chair, the Right Honourable Clare Short – including meeting with the President and senior government officials, meeting with the private sector, meeting with CSOs as well as a large multi-stakeholder meeting in Naypyitaw where priorities and next steps were agreed.


Each stakeholder group (government, private sector and civil society) nominated their representatives for the MEITI multi-stakeholder group (MSG)

January 2014

Formal establishment of MSG – 21 members (6 government, 6 private sector, 9 CSOs) plus Chair and Co-Chair and National Coordinator

February 2014

First MSG meeting (thereafter on regular basis – every 4-8 weeks)

February-April 2014

MSG, supported by MDRI-CESD MEITI Coordination Office, prepared MEITI Workplan and MSG Terms of Reference – followed by MEITI candidacy application

April 2014

Finalisation of candidacy application and MSG approval

May 2014

Submission of EITI candidacy application to EITI International Secretariat

May-June 2014

EITI International Secretariat and Board committee review of MEITI candidacy application and preparation for EITI Board meeting in July

1-2 July 2014

EITI Board meeting in Mexico – review of Myanmar EITI candidacy application

2 July 2014

EITI Board decision on MEITI – Candidate status awarded. Transition of MEITI Coordination Office (National Secretariat) to Ministry of Finance encouraged as soon as possible

August 2014

First MSG meeting as a candidate country (5th MSG meeting)

3 Sub-committees established:

  • Technical and Reporting Sub-committee
  • Workplan and Governance Sub-committee
  • Communications and Outreach Sub-committee

September 2014 –October 2015

MSG preparing to appoint consultants to carry out a ‘scoping study’ to determine the scope of EITI (which sectors, which companies, which payment types and thresholds) and then produce the first MEITI Report (in 2015) – in close collaboration with the MSG and key stakeholders.

September 2014

Outreach Event in Kayin State for approximately 250 participants from local government, local CSOs, local companies and ethnic armed group representatives, organised by MEITI Coordination Office and MEITI-MSG in collaboration with Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability (MATA) and the Myanmar Federation of Mining Associations (MFMA)


Outreach Event in Mandalay Region for approximately 250 participants from local government, local CSOs and local companies, organised by MEITI Coordination Office and MEITI-MSG in collaboration with MATA and MFMA

May-October 2014

Institutional and Regulatory Assessment of the Extractive Industries in Myanmar- assessment to inform MEITI Scoping Study carried out between May-September by Adam Smith International in collaboration with MDRI MEITI Coordination Office and the World Bank. Draft report finalised for review and comments by MEITI-MSG in October

14-15 October 2014

28th EITI Board Meeting in Nay Pyi Taw

16 October 2014

National Conference on Natural Resource Governance in Nay Pyi Taw

28 October 2014

Outreach in Kachin State to be held for local stakeholders organised by MEITI Coordination Office and MEITI-MSG in collaboration with MATA and MFMA

2 January 2016

First MEITI Report publication deadline

January 2017

MEITI Validation and overall assessment of compliance with EITI Requirements



What is the EITI?


The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global Standard to promote open and accountable management of natural resources.  It seeks to strengthen government and company systems, inform public debate, and enhance trust.  In each implementing country it is supported by a coalition of governments, companies and civil society working together.



See a short video about the EITI

Download the EITI Fact Sheet

Natural resources, such as oil, gas, metals and minerals, belong to a country’s citizens. Extraction of these resources can lead to economic growth and social development. However, when poorly managed it has too often lead to corruption and even conflict. More openness around how a country manages its natural resource wealth is necessary to ensure that these resources can benefit all citizens.

The EITI Standard

The EITI maintains the EITI Standard. Countries implement the EITI Standard to ensure full disclosure of taxes and other payments made by oil, gas and mining companies to governments. These payments are disclosed in an annual EITI Report (to see all EITI Reports, go to This report allows citizens to see for themselves how much their government is receiving from their country’s natural resources.


Transparency can only lead to accountability if there is understanding of what the figures mean and public debate about how the country’s resource wealth should be managed. Therefore, the EITI Standard requires that EITI Reports are comprehensible, actively promoted and contribute to public debate.

The EITI Standard contains the set of requirements that countries need to meet in order to be recognised as first an EITI Candidate and ultimately an EITI Compliant country. The Standard is overseen by the international EITI Board, with members from governments, companies and civil society.

Learn about how countries can implement the EITI Standard