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Tuesday, November 24, 2015 - 21:00

History of EITI

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, there was an expanding library of academic literature around the resource curse by such acolytes as Jeffrey Sachs, Joseph Stiglitz, Terry Lynn Karl and Paul Collier detailing how the huge potential benefits of oil, gas and mining were not being realised and were associated with increased poverty, conflict and corruption. The problem went beyond just the well-known economic phenomenon of 'Dutch Disease' by which natural resource wealth made other export sectors uncompetitive. Other common effects were around the capturing of the revenues by elites, the stunting of the development of tax systems to capture revenue from non-extractive sectors, exacerbated regional and community tensions. These writings outlined out the complexities of the governance of extractive resources – from bidding, exploration, licenses, contracts, operations, revenues, supply chains, local content, transit, services, allocations, and spending. They noted environmental, social and political concerns. They each outlined remedies for addressing the curse, often noting that no single action would be capable of tackling all these challenges. However, the literature was clear – transparency and dialogue had to be part of the starting point.

Publish What You Pay and the Launch of the EITI

These academic analyses were followed by more and more journalistic pieces and a growing campaign by Global WitnessHuman Rights WatchOxfam America, other civil society organizations. International financier George Soros established a “Revenue Watch” programme under his Open Society Initiative, to investigate the flow of funds from oil companies to governments in the Caspian region. The NGOs were stepping up their enforcement of corporate social responsibility rhetoric and were looking for a law for companies to report their payments to developing countries. The civil society campaign slogan of “Publish What You Pay” (PWYP) was drawn from a Global Witness report, “A Crude Awakening”. Launched in December 1999, it focused on the opaque mismanagement of oil in Angola. The report had concluded by calling on the operating companies to adopt “a policy of full transparency [in] Angola and in other countries with similar problems of lack of transparency and gov­ernment accountability”.

Responding to the campaign in February 2001, BP published the signature bonus of US $111 million it paid to the Angolan government for an offshore license. It committed to publish more. This sparked a strong reaction from Angola. In his 2010 memoir, “Beyond Business”, Lord John Browne, the then Chief Executive Officer of BP, recalled how he received a cold letter from the head of the Angolan national oil company, Sonangol, stating that, “[I]t was with great surprise, and some disbelief, that we found out through the press that your company has been disclosing information about oil-related activities in Angola”. The backlash and threats from the Angola government, led Lord Browne to conclude “Clearly a unilateral approach, where one company or one country was under pressure to ‘publish what you pay’ was not workable”.

The oil companies argued for a shift away from company reporting, as sought by PWYP and others, to reporting by governments, in order to reduce conflict with host governments and put contracts at risk. If company reporting was to be required they wanted a global effort to level the playing field that required all companies in a country to disclose.

The UK government – the Cabinet Office, the Department for International Development, the Treasury, the Foreign Office, and the Department of Trade and Industry - was listening both to the Publish What You Pay campaign and to the oil companies. They saw the opportunity to develop an initiative built on the notion of equal transparency from the governments and the companies.

The EITI is often thought to have been launched in 2002. It is true that the then UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair, outlined the idea of the EITI in a speech intended for the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in September 2002. However, the problematic relationship between Prime Minister Blair and President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, meant that the British Prime Minister never actually delivered his prepared remarks as intended.

Bringing stakeholders to the table: agreeing the EITI Principles

Following the publication of the Blair speech, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) convened a meeting of civil society, company, and government representatives. There was agreement that some kind of reporting standard should be jointly developed. At a conference in London in June 2003, a Statement of Principles to increase transparency of payments and revenues in the extractive sector was agreed. These 12 EITI Principles centred on the need for transparent management of natu­ral resources. They affirmed that there was a belief that “a workable ap­proach to the disclosure of payments and revenues is required, which is simple to undertake and use”. Over 40 institutional investors signed on to a statement of support for the EITI which argued that information disclosure would improve corporate governance and reduce risk.

Following this meeting, a few countries, like Nigeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, and the Kyrgyz Republic, explored how these principles might be applied. They were later joined by Peru, the Republic of Congo, Sao Tome e Principe, Timor Leste, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Transparency in natural resource development was championed at a series of G8 Summits – in 2003 in Evian, in 2004 in Sea Island, Georgia. The G8 subsequently, called on the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to provide technical support to governments wishing to adopt transparency policies. This led to the establishment of the World Bank-administered Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for the EITI in 2004. The MDTF has disbursed almost US $60 million in technical and financial assistance to EITI programmes in 37 countries.

Drawing from countries’ first experiences with EITI: The EITI Criteria

In March 2005, the EITI stakeholders and implementing countries again met in London for the Second Conference. UK Secretary of State for International Develop­ment, Hilary Benn, summarized:

Our experience in the four countries that have piloted EITI… is that while dif­ferent countries have taken different approaches to implementation, this needs to be backed up by clear international rules of the game for the initiative to be effective and credible.

These different approaches to the principles were boiled down to six EITI Criteria, which sought to establish “the rules of the game”. Benn also an­nounced the establishment of an International Advisory Group, which would include representatives of governments, companies, and civil soci­ety organizations, to take the EITI forward.

It became increasingly clear that the EITI was not evolving, as some had anticipated, into a voluntary corporate social responsibility standard for companies, but rather into a disclosure standard implemented by countries. The criteria focused on:

Regular publication of all material oil, gas and mining payments by companies to governments (“payments”) and all material revenues received by govern­ments from oil, gas and mining companies (“revenues”) to a wide audience in a publicly accessible, comprehensive and comprehensible manner.

They also recognized that civil society had to be actively engaged in the process to ensure accountability.

How the EITI works

Assessing transparency: EITI Validation

By the time of the third EITI Global Conference in Oslo in October 2006, the implementing countries (now joined by Niger and Cameroon) were preparing their first EITI reconciliationreports. Azerbaijan had al­ready produced reports covering revenue from 2003–2005 and Nigeria a report covering 1999–2004. Alongside the production of an EITI Source Book in 2005, which provided guidance on how to produce these reports, the International Advisory Group had sufficient emerging approaches to introduce the EITI Validation Guide, which set out the indicators that implementing countries had to meet in order to become EITI Compliant. The guide was introduced at the Oslo conference, effectively marking the end of the beginning for the EITI. The guide also included for the first time a formal process to sign-up to become an EITI “Candidate” country.

From 2002 to 2006, the EITI had been valiantly run by a small team in the UK Government’s Department for International Development, with little administrative capacity or political support. It was therefore also agreed at this time that the EITI should have its own gov­ernance structure: a Board, Secretariat, and a members’ Conference every two years to appoint the Board. Peter Eigen, co-founder and former Chair of Transparency International and hitherto the chair of the EITI’s Advisory Group, was appointed as the first chair of the Board. The EITI International Secretar­iat was later established in Oslo in September 2007 with Jonas Moberg appointed at its Head. After two terms of office, Peter stepped down as Chair and Rt Hon Clare Short was appointed as Chair in Paris at the Fifth EITI Global Conference in March 2011.

With the principles setting out its aims, the criteria containing its minimum requirements, and the guide establishing its indicators, it was thought that the EITI had a structure in place that would clearly frame the expectations of implementing countries. The EITI, in effect, had evolved into a collective governance standard. In February 2009, Azerbaijan became the first country to be compliant with this standard, and was soon followed by Liberia, Timor Leste, Nigeria and Ghana.

Making the EITI meaningful: the EITI Standard

It quickly became clear that many issues had been left open, such as how long implementing countries had before they had to meet the standard and how regular and timely the reporting needed to be.

So, in 2009 (Fourth Conference in Doha) and 2011 (Fifth Conference in Paris), the EITI Board issued versions of the EITI Rules. Replacing the EITI Validation Guide, these included six “policy notes” that provided further clarification and guidance. The “indicators” became “require­ments” and were addressed more as steps to be followed by implementers than as indicators to be assessed by external validators. The 2011 edition of the EITI Rules, for the first time, crucially included the need for the data to be both timely and regular.

Shortly after the 2011 Paris Conference, an evaluation of the EITI by Scanteam was published. The evaluation recognised exciting innovations from many of the implementing countries – eg. Liberia had included forestry and agriculture; Nigeria’s reports included physical and process audits, as well as financial audits; Ghana and Peru’s reports included data on the amounts paid to subnational levels of government, etc. However, Scanteam concluded that “little impact at the societal level can be discerned … largely due to [EITI’s] lack of links with larger public sector reform processes and institutions”. It found that EITI’s narrow focus was not systematically delivering on the Principles established in 2003. Following this, the Board and other stakeholders recognised that the EITI needed to do more to encourage countries to use the EITI as a platform for wider improvement of natural resource management.

The Board undertook an extensive strategy review to address three main challenges:

  • How to ensure that the EITI provided more intelligible, comprehensive and reliable information;
  • How to ground the process in a national dialogue about natural resource governance i.e. linking the EITI with wider government processes around tax collection, extractive policy and budget arrangements;
  • How to incentivise continuous progress beyond Compliance.

The resulting EITI Standard launched at the Global Conference in Sydney in May 2013 therefore sought to:

1) Make the EITI Reports more understandable

EITI reports were required to contain contextual information such as the contribution of the extractive sector to the economy, production data, a description of the fiscal regime, an overview of relevant laws, a description of how extractive industry revenues are recorded in national budgets, an overview of licenses and license holders, and a description of the role of state-owned companies. Countries were encouraged to publish contracts and details of the beneficial owners of companies.

2) Making EITI more relevant in each country

Countries were required to agree a work plan with objectives that articulated what they wanted to achieve with the EITI and set out how they wanted to achieve it. The scope of EITI implementation and links to other reforms had to be tailored to contribute to these desired objectives.

3) Better and more accurate disclosure

The Standard required for the first that EITI Reports disclose the payments broken down by each company, and by each revenue stream and, in due course, by each project. EITI reports were also be made available electronically and codified to allow for international comparisons.

4) Recognising countries that go beyond the minimum

The Standard introduced more frequent and nuanced validations to create incentives for more innovative use of EITI to the benefit of the country.

5) A clearer set of rules

The EITI Standard was restructured, in order to condense the previous 21 requirements and policy notes into a shorter and more concise seven requirements.

Over 40 coun­tries were implementing the EITI, with Colombia, France, Italy, Mexico, the United Kingdom, the United States, amongst others, preparing to begin implementation. Over 200 EITI reports had been published covering well over a trillion US dollars of revenues paid. While the International Secretariat has remained relatively small, with a staff of 18, over 400 people were working around the world on implementing the EITI.

In addition, various international institutions routinely cited their association with the EITI as evidence of their own commitment to good governance. The EITI’s tenets were reflected and exceeded in US, European, Nigerian and Liberian legislation, the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation’s standards for extractive projects, and an increasing set of country-level policies such as the publication of contracts.

Before 2013, the authors were worried that EITI was going to become irrelevant by simply focusing on revenue transparency when the debate had moved on. By 2014, the concern was that everyone was trying to hang everything on it, because the EITI was the only game in town. In many countries, it was beginning to play host to some topics had previously been considered politically taboo: beneficial ownership, production and consumer subsidies, the role and behaviour of state owned companies, secretive contracts, aggressive transfer pricing, non-payment of taxes, smuggling, fraud, etc. The debate had clearly shifted and transparency was no longer an aspiration. It was an expectation. And through collective governance, it was beginning to lead to accountability.

Conclusion

In little over a decade, the EITI has developed from a vague initiative, to a multi-country multi-stakeholder forum, to a global rules-based transparency standard, towards an accountability process with minimum requirements. Each stage represented an important step in the progression. This experience with the EITI is another reminder of the importance of collective approaches to governance. It took civil society organisations campaigning as well as engagement; it took company leadership; it took representatives from supporting countries such as the UK to provide facilitation; and finally and arguably most importantly, it took leaders from implementing countries to respond and take ownership.

It is a story of a moving consensus; learning and adaption; increasing confidence; and strong leadership. Most of all it has been a story of governance entrepreneurship.

Timeline

2014

March: The United States becomes the 44th implementing country. 26 countries are Compliant.

2013

July: UK launches EITI process and USA MSG held its first meeting.
June: World Leaders discuss the EITI during the G8 summit and commit to transparency: Italy and Canada announce its commitment to implement the EITI and Germany announces its pilot program.
June: Commonwealth Secretariat announces its support to the EITI.
May: Albania becomes the 20th EITI Compliant country.
May:  More than 150 fiscal periods covered in EITI Reports disclosing US$ 1 trillion revenues in 33 countries rich in oil, gas and mineralsTransparency is [now] becoming the global norm.
May: France and the United Kingdom declare of its commitment to transparency and the EITI at the 6th EITI Global Conference
April: EU reaches deal requiring EU companies to disclose tax payments.

2012

February:  Extracting Data provided a statistical overview of more than 70 EITI reports produced by 30 implementing countries in six years.

 

July:  10 years of EITI in Nigeria shows how the country has increased government take and shed light to important challenges in the governance of their oil and gas.

 

October: 100th EITI reconciliation report published.

2011

MarchClare Short is appointed as Chair of the EITI during the 5th EITI Global Conference in Paris. The 2011 EITI Rules were adopted.

March: Niger becomes a 10th EITI Compliant country.

SeptemberPresident Obama announces that the US will implement the EITIOpen Government Partnership program is launched.

OctoberAustralia announces that it will pilot the EITI.

2009

FebruaryAzerbaijan became the first EITI Compliant Country and Norway admitted as EITI Candidate Country during the 4th EITI Global Conference in Doha.

May: Four new countries were admitted as EITI Candidate Countries bringing total number of EITI implementing countries to 30.

December: 97 fiscal periods amounting US$ 200 billion of fiscal revenues covered in the EITI reports.

2008

February: Validation methodology agreed by Board at meeting in Accra, Ghana. The EITI welcomes seven new Candidate Countries.

2007

September: International Secretariat opens in Oslo with a 'Transparency Week'. 15 countries welcomed as EITI Candidate Countries.

2006

October: Following the International Advisory Group report irst international EITI Board is formed consisting of 20 members representing implementing countries, supporting countries, civil society organisations, industry and investment companies during the 3rd EITI Global Conference in Oslo. Peter Eigen is appointed as Chair of the Board.

DecemberOslo was selected as the location of the International Secretariat.

2005

March: International Advisory Group (IAG) formed to decide on the governance and future direction at the second EITI Conference.

June: EITI support and implementation recommended in the Commission for Africa Report at the G8 Gleneagles Summit.

2004

February: EITI Paris Implementation Workshop.

JuneEITI endorsed by G8 leaders at Summit at Sea Island.

2003

JuneEITI Principles agreed at the  first EITI Plenary Conference, Lancaster House in London.

2002

OctoberTony Blair announces the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative(EITI) at the World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg

 

Tuesday, November 24, 2015 - 18:30

What is EITI

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global standard for transparency and accountability in the oil, gas and mining industries. The aim of EITI is to improve openness and accountable management of revenues from natural resources so that they lead to growth and socio-economic development for a country and its citizens. EITI is based on the principle that countries, with the richest wealth of resources, that are also often the poorest (‘resource curse’), and if not managed well, the extractive sector can contribute to corruption, conflict and poverty. However, the good governance of natural resources can lead to social and economic development.

Governments formally sign up to EITI and commit to work with companies and civil society to implement EITI in their country. EITI requires government to publicly disclose all relevant payments received from extractive industry companies, and at the same time companies are required to publicly disclose all relevant payments made to government. These are disclosed in an annual EITI Report which allows citizens to see how much their government receives from natural resources.

The EITI Standard provides the basic framework for EITI and includes 7 ‘Requirements’, which every country must implement in order to be compliant. The production of an annual EITI Report is a core aspect of EITI, which is clearly detailed in the EITI Standard.

The EITI process is overseen and implemented by a tripartite multi-stakeholder group of government, companies and civil society that decides what the scope of EITI should be in their country. At the global level, an international tripartite multi-stakeholder EITI Board oversees the process.  There are 46 countries currently participating in the EITI globally, including Myanmar.

Myanmar was awarded candidate country status by the EITI Board in July 2014, and now has until January 2016 to produce its first EITI Report.

Myanmar EITI

Myanmar became an EITI candidate country in July 2014, and has until January 2016 to produce its first EITI Report.

Myanmar’s Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG) has now begun work on implementing its 3-year MEITI workplan.

In terms of background, Myanmar has made significant progress since the end of 2012 when President Thein Sein made a formal commitment to become an EITI candidate countryand Presidential Decree 99/2012 was issued. The government ‘Leading Authority’ (chaired by the President’s Office) was established, and the Centre for Economic and Social Development of the Myanmar Development Resources Institute (MDRI-CESD) was designated the national MEITI Coordination Office, until the first report is produced. In 2013 the government inter-ministerial ‘Working Committee’ was established. Considerable progress was made throughout 2013, and by April 2014 Myanmar was ready to meet the meet the 4 minimum ‘Sign-up Steps’ that any country must meet to become an EITI Candidate.

Myanmar submitted itsapplication to become an ‘EITI Candidate’ country to the EITI Board in May 2014. At its 27th meeting in Mexico in early July 2014, the EITI Board approved Myanmar’s candidacy application, and granted Myanmar until January 2016 to produce its first EITI Report. Myanmar has until January 2017 to meet all 7EITI Requirements and attain ‘EITI Compliant’ status.

The EITI Board will hold its next meeting in Myanmar on 14-15 October 2014.

MEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group (MEITI-MSG)

MEITI’s multi-stakeholder group (MSG) was established in January 2014 and comprises 21 representatives of government, civil society and private sector The MSG is now working to implement MEITI’s 3-year workplan and prepare for the production of the first MEITI Report.At its 5th meeting in August 2014, the MSG agreed to establish 3 sub-committees as follows:

  1. Technical and Reporting Sub-Committee
  2. Workplan and Governance Sub-Committee
  3. Communications and Outreach Sub-Committee

The composition of the MSG is as follows:     

  • MEITI MSG Chair: Dr Maung Maung Thein, Deputy Minister of Finance
  • MEITI MSG Deputy-Chair: U Myint Zaw, Deputy Minister of Energy
  • MEITI National Coordinator: Dr Zaw Oo, Executive Director, MDRI-CESD
  • 6 Government representatives:
    • DG Ministry of Home Affairs (General Administration Department)
    • DG Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (Department of Forestry)
    • MD Ministry of Energy (Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise)
    • DG Ministry of Mines (Department of Mines)
    • DG Ministry of Finance (Internal Revenue Department)
    • Director, Office of the Auditor General of the Union
  • Private Sector – oil and gas (4):
    • Total E&P Myanmar
    • PC Myanmar (Hong Kong) Limited - Petronas
    • MPRL E&P Pte Ltd.
    • GoldPetrol Joint Operating Company Inc.
  • Private Sector- mining (2):
    • CNMC Nickel Co. Ltd.
    • Myanmar Federation of Mining Associations (MFMA)
  • Civil Society Organisations:
    • KESAN (Kayin)
    • Green Trust (Pyin Oo Lwin)
    • Eco Dev/Advancing Life and Regenerating Motherland (ALARM)
    • Paung Ku
    • Sein Young So (Mandalay)
    • 88 Generation (Peace and Open Society)
    • Won Latt Foundation (Rakhine)
    • Shwe Gas Movement
    • Dawei Development Foundation (DDA)

 

MEITI Timeline and Achievements

December 2012

Government made a formal commitment to become an EITI Candidate country, and Presidential Decree no. 99/2012 established the government Leading Authority to oversee the process – with support from MDRI-CESD as ‘coordinator’

April 2013

Government Leading Authority established a cross-ministerial government ‘Working Committee’ to lead the development of EITI process

July – October 2013

Various EITI outreach events, including in Mon State, Rakhine State, Tanintharyi Region and Shan State

August – September 2013

EITI workshops and training for government and CSOs in Yangon

October 2013

National CSO workshop on EITI in Yangon – discussing viability and options regarding supporting EITI

October – November 2013

Training and workshops for different stakeholder groups including government, CSOs, parliamentarians, journalists and private sector

November 2013

Multi-stakeholder meeting chaired by Union Minister U Soe Thane (and including senior government, private sector and CSO representatives) in Naypyitaw – agreed to work together to implement EITI

December 2013

First visit to Myanmar by EITI Chair, the Right Honourable Clare Short – including meeting with the President and senior government officials, meeting with the private sector, meeting with CSOs as well as a large multi-stakeholder meeting in Naypyitaw where priorities and next steps were agreed.

 

Each stakeholder group (government, private sector and civil society) nominated their representatives for the MEITI multi-stakeholder group (MSG)

January 2014

Formal establishment of MSG – 21 members (6 government, 6 private sector, 9 CSOs) plus Chair and Co-Chair and National Coordinator

February 2014

First MSG meeting (thereafter on regular basis – every 4-8 weeks)

February-April 2014

MSG, supported by MDRI-CESD MEITI Coordination Office, prepared MEITI Workplan and MSG Terms of Reference – followed by MEITI candidacy application

April 2014

Finalisation of candidacy application and MSG approval

May 2014

Submission of EITI candidacy application to EITI International Secretariat

May-June 2014

EITI International Secretariat and Board committee review of MEITI candidacy application and preparation for EITI Board meeting in July

1-2 July 2014

EITI Board meeting in Mexico – review of Myanmar EITI candidacy application

2 July 2014

EITI Board decision on MEITI – Candidate status awarded. Transition of MEITI Coordination Office (National Secretariat) to Ministry of Finance encouraged as soon as possible

August 2014

First MSG meeting as a candidate country (5th MSG meeting)

3 Sub-committees established:

  • Technical and Reporting Sub-committee
  • Workplan and Governance Sub-committee
  • Communications and Outreach Sub-committee

September 2014 –October 2015

MSG preparing to appoint consultants to carry out a ‘scoping study’ to determine the scope of EITI (which sectors, which companies, which payment types and thresholds) and then produce the first MEITI Report (in 2015) – in close collaboration with the MSG and key stakeholders.

September 2014

Outreach Event in Kayin State for approximately 250 participants from local government, local CSOs, local companies and ethnic armed group representatives, organised by MEITI Coordination Office and MEITI-MSG in collaboration with Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability (MATA) and the Myanmar Federation of Mining Associations (MFMA)

 

Outreach Event in Mandalay Region for approximately 250 participants from local government, local CSOs and local companies, organised by MEITI Coordination Office and MEITI-MSG in collaboration with MATA and MFMA

May-October 2014

Institutional and Regulatory Assessment of the Extractive Industries in Myanmar- assessment to inform MEITI Scoping Study carried out between May-September by Adam Smith International in collaboration with MDRI MEITI Coordination Office and the World Bank. Draft report finalised for review and comments by MEITI-MSG in October

14-15 October 2014

28th EITI Board Meeting in Nay Pyi Taw

16 October 2014

National Conference on Natural Resource Governance in Nay Pyi Taw

28 October 2014

Outreach in Kachin State to be held for local stakeholders organised by MEITI Coordination Office and MEITI-MSG in collaboration with MATA and MFMA

2 January 2016

First MEITI Report publication deadline

January 2017

MEITI Validation and overall assessment of compliance with EITI Requirements

 

 

What is the EITI?

 

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global Standard to promote open and accountable management of natural resources.  It seeks to strengthen government and company systems, inform public debate, and enhance trust.  In each implementing country it is supported by a coalition of governments, companies and civil society working together.

 

 

See a short video about the EITI

Download the EITI Fact Sheet

Natural resources, such as oil, gas, metals and minerals, belong to a country’s citizens. Extraction of these resources can lead to economic growth and social development. However, when poorly managed it has too often lead to corruption and even conflict. More openness around how a country manages its natural resource wealth is necessary to ensure that these resources can benefit all citizens.

The EITI Standard

The EITI maintains the EITI Standard. Countries implement the EITI Standard to ensure full disclosure of taxes and other payments made by oil, gas and mining companies to governments. These payments are disclosed in an annual EITI Report (to see all EITI Reports, go to data.eiti.org). This report allows citizens to see for themselves how much their government is receiving from their country’s natural resources.

 

Transparency can only lead to accountability if there is understanding of what the figures mean and public debate about how the country’s resource wealth should be managed. Therefore, the EITI Standard requires that EITI Reports are comprehensible, actively promoted and contribute to public debate.

The EITI Standard contains the set of requirements that countries need to meet in order to be recognised as first an EITI Candidate and ultimately an EITI Compliant country. The Standard is overseen by the international EITI Board, with members from governments, companies and civil society.

Learn about how countries can implement the EITI Standard

 

Thursday, November 19, 2015 - 14:30

REQUEST FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

International Individual Consultant

 

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
EITI Project
Grant No.: TF0A0156
Assignment Title: Communication Skill Training
Reference No. 20th October: CS-4
The Ministry of Finance has received financing from the World Bank toward the cost of the EITI project and intends to apply part of the proceeds for consulting services.
The consulting services (“the Services”) include to design and deliver two days communication skills training course for key Myanmar EITI stakeholders. These training courses are to be held between the 14 and the 22 December 2015.
The EITI unit now invites eligible Individual Consultants (“Consultants”) to indicate their interest in providing the Services. Interested Consultants should provide information demonstrating that they have the required qualifications and relevant experience to perform the Services. The shortlisting criteria are:
 At least 10 years of communications-related training experience, including proven experience of designing and delivering similar programmes with both government and civil society stakeholders
 Knowledge of the extractive industries sector and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, especially in Myanmar, will be an asset
 Strong interpersonal and diplomatic skills, as well as proven ability to communicate orally and in writing effectively and credibly with both government and civil society in developing countries (preferably in Myanmar)
 Excellent written and spoken English are required
The attention of interested Consultants is drawn to paragraph 1.9 of the World Bank’s Guidelines: Selection and Employment of Consultants [under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits & Grants] by World Bank Borrowers January 2011(“Consultant Guidelines”), setting forth the World Bank’s policy on conflict of interest
A Consultant will be selected in accordance with the individual consultant selection method set out in the Consultant Guidelines.
Further information can be obtained at the address below during office hours [9 AM to 5 PM.
Expressions of interest must be delivered in a written form to the address below (in person, or by mail, or by fax, or by e-mail) by 30 November.
MEITI coordination office
Attn: Daw Kay Thi, Deputy Team Leader
No.35(B), New University Avenue Road,
Bahan Township, Yangon + 95 250500363
Info@myanmareiti.org

Thursday, November 19, 2015 - 13:00

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
We have carried out a scoping study in order to set out the EITI reconciliation scope which will be used for the first Myanmar EITI report. This assignment is the first step and pre-condition to the reconciliation process.

Objective of the mission
The objective of the report is to clearly define the scope of the EITI reconciliation exercise, the Reporting Templates, the data collection process and the working schedule, in accordance with the EITI Requirements (Version 2013) and objectives agreed by the EITI Committee.

Scope of our work
In accordance with the Terms of Reference (TOR) of our mission, the reconciliation exercise for the period from 1 April 2013 to 31 March 2014 will cover:
 Oil and gas (including transportation); and
 Mining (including jade and gemstones).

Tuesday, May 19, 2015 - 11:45

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